Uterine Disorders, Fibroids & Polyps
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Uterine Disorders & Infertility
Uterine disorders refer to structural or functional problems within the uterus, such as fibroids or polyps. Approximately 1 in 5 women within the childbearing age range have uterine fibroids. Polyps are also very common in women over the age of 20. Both uterine polyps (specifically larger sized polyps) and fibroids may interfere with a woman’s ability to become pregnant. Luckily, if there is interference from these growths in the uterus, there are various treatment options to remove them and allow you to eventually have a healthy and happy pregnancy.
Fibroids, Polyps & Fertility
Uterine disorders involve any abnormalities of the uterus. Some of the most common ones include fibroids and polyps. Fibroids are non-cancerous growths on the uterine wall. Most of the time, women don’t experience any symptoms. However, if these growths become large enough, they may obstruct the embryo’s ability to implant on the uterine lining. They may also cause a miscarriage to happen.
Polyps, on the other hand, are overgrowths of the endometrial lining in the uterus. Similar to fibroids, polyps can also impact and prevent the embryo from implanting on the wall of the uterus, and they may also cause miscarriages.
Uterine disorders may also include anatomical issues with the uterus. There may be scarring in the uterus due to infection or surgery.
There may also be congenital abnormalities present, such as a septate uterus (where the uterus cavity is divided by a septum), bicornuate uterus (a heart-shaped uterus divided into two cavities), unicornuate uterus (only half of the uterus has developed, which means only one ovary is often connected to it), and didelphys (there are two separate uteruses with their own cervix).
How are Uterine Disorders Diagnosed?
Common signs and symptoms of uterine polyps and fibroids include no symptoms, heavy bleeding, pain, pressure, and irregular bleeding. Typically, uterine disorders are diagnosed through a pelvic exam or image testing, such as an ultrasound, sonohysterogram, or MRI. These would need to be conducted by your doctor or a fertility specialist.
Treatment for Fibroids & Polyps
Many women do not require treatment for their uterine disorder, depending on how it is impacting their life and their fertility. For uterine fibroids, it is often recommended to remove the fibroid through surgery or hysteroscopy (a procedure where it is removed through the vaginal cavity) if fertility is affected. Uterine polyps are also typically removed through a hysteroscopy due to its minimally invasive procedure. For all other abnormalities, it may depend on the severity, size, and impact it has on a woman’s health and fertility.
Common Questions About Fibroids & Polyps
Below you will find the answers to questions about uterine disorders, such as fibroids and polyps.
Why do uterine polyps and fibroids happen?
- While the exact cause is unknown, they are thought to occur due to estrogen and progesterone levels and their variations.
Who is at a greater risk of developing polyps or fibroids?
- Women who are over 40, women who are obese, women on hormone replacement therapy, or women who have had polyps are fibroids in the past are more likely to develop them.
Can uterine infections cause infertility?
- Uterine infections may result in infertility, but not in all cases. In a situation where infection results in infertility, scarring in the uterus or ovaries may be present.
Can I get pregnant with scar tissue on my uterus?
- While scarring decreases a woman’s ability to conceive, it doesn’t mean it can’t happen.
How do polyps and fibroids affect fertility?
- Polyps and fibroids may block the fallopian tubes or cervix canal. In both situations, it prevents the sperm from finding an egg to fertilize.
Do polyps and fibroids impact pregnancy?
- Polyps and fibroids, especially at larger sizes, may increase a woman’s chance of miscarriage during pregnancy.
Can polyps and fibroids disappear on their own?
- Smaller polyps and fibroids may go undetected and disappear all on their own.
How quickly can I get pregnant after a polyp or fibroid removal?
- Usually, it is recommended to wait at least 3 months after a polyp or fibroid removal before becoming pregnant. This may be extended to 6 months, depending on the procedure used to remove the growth.
Can acupuncture help with polyps and fibroids?
- In some cases, fertility acupuncture can help reduce the risk of developing polyps and fibroids by helping to rebalance a woman’s hormones.
Are there natural treatments that can help with polyps and fibroids?
- Ensuring you have a diet high in a variety of nutrients, minerals, and vitamins can help reduce the risk of developing fibroids or polyps. With the right nutrients, your body is better equipped to make the right amount of hormones and avoid hormonal imbalances, which may contribute to the development of polyps and fibroids. Contact a Conceive Health fertility naturopath for further information today.
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